Controlled breathing is breathing deeply, in through your nose and out through your mouth.
This can help you stay calm and reduce discomfort in labour.
Visualisation is where you imagine the birth of your baby and what you want to happen.
This can be something really specific or more general, like a feeling you want to have.
For example, you could picture what it will feel like to hold your baby skin to skin after they’ve been born.
This is like a rehearsal in your mind to help you feel more prepared and positive.
Deep relaxation and meditation may help you concentrate on your body and baby during labour, while ignoring any extra noise or things going on around you.
You can find more information on hypnobirthing on the Tommy’s website (https://www.tommys.org/pregnancy-information/labour-birth/pain-relief-labour/hypnobirthing.)